The proximate composition of fresh and canned fishes is presented in tables 2, 3 and 4. Proximate and elemental composition of the fillets of some. The present study deals with seasonal variation in the biochemical composition of two tuna fish species euthynnus affinis and auxis thazard. Several authors have been described the amino acid. However, the relative contributions of lipid, protein and carbohydrate to a fishs total energy vary in response to specific life history demands. Proximate composition of some tropical fish species. Pro ximate composition of gulf me ico industrial fish. Proximate and mineral content of traditional smoked fish species from lake kainji, nigeria effiong, b.
The results indicate that tilapia had a higher fat content than gonionotus and grass carp, the latter having the lowest fat content. Proximate composition of three marine fishes of chandipur. The proximate analysis was evaluated using standard analytical procedures. Nutritional evaluation of commercially important fish species of. A study on the chemical composition of raw fish caught off the coast of qatar indicated that fish was a good source of minerals and many trace elements 1. The multiple benefits of fatty fish high in omega3s and small fish eaten whole. Nutritional and microbial quality of fresh and dried clarias. In this paper, results of physical characteristics, proximate composition and ovarian histology of wildcaught and tankreared fish injected with salmon gnrha and noninjected are presented.
These four components account for about 9698% of total tissue constituents in most cases. Table 2 shows the amino acid composition of protein hydrolysates prepared from various fish processing waste proteins. Estimation of nutrition profile of edible fishes is essential and thus a. Fish is one of the principal vitamins and minerals in sufficient amounts. Effects of drying methods on proximate compositions of. The benefits of fish meal in aquaculture diets1 ufifas edis. The result of the proximate composition generally showed these fish species as good source of protein higher than those of sheep meat 17. Proximate analysis, mineral contents and functional. Pdf on jan 25, 2019, deresetamiru and others published proximate analysis of nile tilapia. Composition tables for fish often include a value for total ash. Proximate and mineral content of traditional smoked fish. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritive value of two fish species belonging to the genera pseudotolihus. Present study was carried out to analyze the biochemical composition % of three economically important fish species hilsa ilisha, sillago sihama and mugil cephalus in chandipur, bay of. Proximate composition and energetic value of selected.
These food components may be of interest in the food industry for product development, quality control qc or regulatory purposes. No authors listed the proximate composition of foods includes moisture, ash, lipid, protein and carbohydrate contents. The effects of different methods of cooking on proximate. Talabi nigerian institute for oceanography and marine research, lagos, nigeria received. Chemical composition of fish this topic provides information about chemical composition of fish contents. The determination of the variation of composition of fish. These pages or cdrom contain course material prepared by the artemia reference center ghent university, belgium for the course on aquaculture nutrition in the postgraduate programme master of science in marine aquaculture offered at cenaim, espol guayaquil, ecuador. Proximate analysis of the flesh and anatomical weight.
Physical characteristics, and proximate composition of. According to lovell 1989, dietary protein and energy levels are known to affect the growth and body composition of fish species. The proximate composition of 33 species of mesopelagic fishes collected from the eastern gulf of mexico during mayjune 1984, julynovember 1985 and. Except for alewives, proximate composition and caloric content did not differ significantly between males and females. One part was used to determine the proximate composition and microbial analysis of the fresh fish while the other part was dried using a smoking kiln and. Comparative nutritional studies on fresh and smoked claras. Proximate and fatty acid composition of 40 southeastern u. Proximate composition and nutritional profile of rainbow trout. For all the months of sampling, na and k concentrations were significantly higher p catfish and tilapia nilotica tilapia fishes 1salihulasisi m. Nutritional value of several commercially important river fish species.
Many of the arabian gulf species of raw fish especially sardines were found to be a good source of omega3 polyenoic fatty acids 7. The proximate composition of the various diets and the fish carcass were determined using standard methods. Samples were cool transported to food science and nutrition laboratory of addis ababa university. The composition of the experimented ingredients indicated the crude protein to be the main component as the feed cost appears to be one of the major constraints against the greater expansion of fish farming. The proximate analyses of freshwater fish grass carp ctenopharyngodon idellus, puntius gonionotus and tilapia male hybrid are compared. This study was conducted to determine the proximate composition and energetic value of selected marine fish and shellfish from the west coast of peninsular malaysia. Effects of brining process on nutrient composition of fish species kharo, govazim and kijar from iran. Proximate analysis is used to estimate the relative amounts protein, lipid, water, ash and carbohydrate in an organism. Lack of negative influence of the drying processes on the protein, lipids, ash, fibre, vitamins and mineral contents of catfish is of great practical importance, although drying resulted in a significant loss of energy value. Results in table 1 showed approximate chemical composition of studied fish.
Proximate composition and energetic value of selected marine fish and shellfish from the west coast of peninsular malaysia abstract. Freshly harvested clarias gariepinus and oreochromis niloticus were purchased from vendors in ogbomoso, oyo state, nigeria. Result proximate composition of raw, fried, steamed and curried of amblypharyngodon mola are shown in table 2. William newman i abstract i when sockeye salmon enter thespawning stream, they contain about 10 percent oil and 22 percent protein. This study was aimed to investigate the influence of age and sex on proximate composition of nile tilapia oreochromis niloticus fillet.
Proximate and mineral composition of some commercially i. With increase in water content, the fat content of the fish decreased. Most fish farmers use complete diets, typically made up of the following components and percentage ranges. Proximate composition, mineral content and fatty acid. The percentage composition of the four major constituents of fish viz. Food chemistry 17 1985 117123 proximate analysis of the flesh and anatomical weight composition of skipjack tuna katsuwonus pelamis a. Proximate composition, functional properties, amino. These results show that different nutritional components of fish undergo different. This study has included 20 species of fish 10 pelagic fish and 10 demersal fish and 4 species of shellfish. Proximate composition of estuarine fish paradise threadfin.
The proximate composition of 33 species of mesopelagic fishes collected from the eastern gulf of mexico during mayjune 1984, julynovember 1985 and january 1986 was determined. Mean mineral composition of fish samples from lake kainji. Therefore, in order to make the consumers more attentive on the nutritional content of fish, information on nutrient values of indian fishes must be made available. Fish is always processed using different methods before consumption. The proximate composition of different commercial fish feeds were analyzed according to standard procedures given in association of official analytical chemists.
Pdf effects of brining process on nutrient composition of fish. In general, the biochemical composition of the whole body indicates the fish quality. Proximate composition and energy content of mesopelagic. Smokeddried fish is the most acceptable form of fish product in nigeria 11, 12.
Lipid and caloric content of lake trout increased directly with age. Dried meals from eviscerated freshwater fish contained 57. Sharmin3 1department of fisheries and marine science, noakhali science and technology university, noakhali, bangladesh. Fish is a highly proteinous food consumed by the populace. Proximate composition of some commercial fish feeds sold. The results indicate that tilapia had a higher fat content than gonionotus and grass carp, the latter having the lowest fat. Eight species of freshwater fish from the indus river were analyzed for their proximate composition and fatty acid fa profile. Comparative nutritional studies on fresh and smoked claras genepinus catfish and tilapia nilotica tilapia fishes 1salihulasisi m. Proximate composition, fatty acid composition, free. Triplicate samples of each commercial fish type were used to determine the following chemical compositions. Pdf proximate analysis of nile tilapia, oreochromisniloticus. Fish is not only a source of proteins and healthy fats, but also a unique source of essential nutrients, including longchain omega3 fatty acids, iodine, vitamin d, and calcium. Proximate and elemental composition of important fish.
Specimens were collected from lake zeway during january 2011. Pdf proximate composition of fish feed ingredients. Nutrient composition of the four fish species revealed higher content of lipid12. Proximate composition of some commercial fish feeds sold in. Introduction fish has long been recognized as valuable. Effects of cooking methods on proximate and metal contents. The proximate composition of fish species is different among the fish species. Therefore, proximate biochemical composition of a species. The wide array of minerals detected from these species attest to this. Fish species composition and distribution in kilifi creek.
Alvarez et al history traits in gonadal composition of flatfish. Proximate composition of some commercial fish feeds sold in nigeria. Nutrient composition of tilapia zilli, hemi article. Nutritional and microbial quality of fresh and dried. Seasonal variation of proximate composition of tuna fishes. Pdf proximate composition of some tropical fish species. Even the relatively small amount of data available here should, therefore, be of help. Final body composition data of fish fed the experimental diets together with composition of initial fish sample taken at the start of experiment are presented in table 4.
Four tropical fish species clarias gariepinus, selar crumenophthalmus, scomber scrombus, and pseudotolithus senegalensis usually available and consumed in nigeria were analysed for proximate composition. However mineral composition recorded variations in their concentrations among the selected fish species used for the study. Protein is one of the most valuable components in fish heads. Proximate and fatty acid fa composition of seven freshwater fish species. Fish species composition and distribution in kilifi creek d. Data showed that raw shb had the highest value of protein 58. In this study protein, lipid, moisture, ash, carbohydrate. The proximate analysis reveal the moisture content to be 9. Size composition of skipjack tuna katsuwonus pelamis in three region fisheries management in bitung ocean fishery port asia, sudirman, budimawan, natsir nessa. Fish and human nutrition home food and agriculture. Nutritive values of the carcass of african clarias. The fishmeal and petfood industries, however, need this information to guide their manufacturing operations. The nutritional composition of fish varies greatly from one species to another, depending on age, feed intake, sex and sexual changes connected with spawning, the environment and season 710. Today there is an everincreasing awareness about healthy food and fish is finding more acceptance because of its special nutritional qualities.
Oocyte diameter distribution patterns indicate that macquarie perch spawn once each year, and that in tankreared fish oocyte maturation is incomplete. Proximate chemical composition moisture, protein, fat and ash in muscle tissue was studied with respect to different seasons viz. Pdf this research work was directed on the study of the proximate chemical composition to. The same trend was obtained for plasma total protein.
Protein, lipid and carbohydrate each contribute to the total energy content of an organism while water and ash only contribute mass. Proximate composition, mineral content and fatty acid profile. Since ash consists largely of a number of different minerals, and the total rarely exceeds 12 per cent of the edible portion, this figure has also been omitted, except from the table of fish products. Comparative study on proximate and mineral element composition of clarias gariepinus from the cultured and wild sources 1obaroh, i. Effect of sundrying on proximate composition and ph of shoal fish c.
A comparison of proximate composition and fatty acid profile of. The second part consists of tables giving the water, fat and protein content of individual species and of some fish products, together with additional information on. For each parameter seven samples were used and statistical analysis revealed that there are significant differences in case of wild and farmed fish. Effect of sundrying on proximate composition and ph of. Proximate composition changes in sockeye salmon oncorhynchus nerka during spawning migration claude e. Nutritional composition of various fish species might be influenced by. The amino acid composition of fish protein hydrolysates is important because of the nutritional value and the influence on the functional properties santos et al. And, for coho salmon, there was no significant difference in composition between fish collected in different years. Distribution, species composition and size of flying fish exocoetidae in the ceram sea friesland tuapetel, natsir nessa, syamsu alam ali, sudirman.
Proximate composition and caloric content of eight lake. The present study was conducted to measure the growth in terms of weight and length of different species of fish and to determine the proximate composition of fish at the final harvest. Consequently, the total energy content of a specimen can be reconstructed from its proximate composition. Energy content is frequently used as an expression of a fishs condition or health status. Understanding fish nutrition, feeds, and feeding aquaculture. No significant differences were found in performance and nutritional parameters of fish fed diets 1 and 2. The present study was conducted to determine the proximate composition of fish feed ingredients locally available in narsingdi region. Proximate composition of freshwater fish grass carp. Estimation of the some proximate profiles of a fish such as protein, lipids and moisture contents is often necessary to ensure that they meet the requirements of food regulations and commercial specifications. Ruwa3 introduction estuaries with mangroves and mudflats have high aquatic biodiversity.1113 859 1230 317 1482 303 805 491 723 874 304 1442 41 332 975 749 746 1082 1661 974 118 68 1504 1426 197 1607 1281 1122 575 671 485 665 600 818 939 895 654 1328 427 1071 145 936