Department of justice, drug enforcement administration drugs csa schedules trade or other names medical uses physical dependence psychological dependence tolerance duration hours usual method possible effects effects of overdose withdrawal syndrome narcotics heroin substance i diamorphine, horse, smack. Medicines and drugs national institute on drug abuse. This information can also help parents learn more about the dangers of these drugs and steer their adolescent toward professional treatment. For your experience this site is best viewed in internet explorer 11 or higher, mozilla firefox 27 or higher, safari 7 or higher, chrome 30 or higher, opera 12 or higher or equivalent browser software. Take a look at the various name changes when tenofovir disoproxil fumarate tdf spawned tenofovir alafenamide taf this generated a whole new crop of confusing drug names, as both are extensively coformulated. Learning the names of hiv drugs is horribly difficult. In addition, in addition, the chapter describes some important aspects of drugs design and development, drug. Wolters kluwer health is a leading provider of information for professionals and students in medicine, nursing, allied health, pharmacy and the pharmaceutical industry. The 6 types of drugs and their effects its psychology.
Category and name examples of commercial and street names dea schedule how administered acute effects health risks increased blood pressure and heart rate chronic lung disease. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. For more information, see the heroin research report. List of stimulant drugs stimulants are dangerous drugs that are commonly abused by individuals looking to stay alert and focused, lose weight, stay awake, and get high.
There are 6 types of drugs, with different effects depending on their active ingredients. Pdf commonly used drugs uses, side effects, bioavailability. Common side effects of statins are headache, nausea, vomiting, constipation, and diarrhea. Nelfinavir viracept and nevirapine viramune give us an example where both the generic and the brand names sound kind of similar. Most drugs of abuse can alter a persons thinking and judgment, leading to health risks, including addiction, drugged driving and infectious disease. Drugs az pill identifier supplements symptom checker diseases dictionary media slideshows images quizzes.
Asacol hd mesalamine delayedrelease tablets, oral multum. However, a number of chiral drugs are still marketed under racemic form because either their chiral separation is difficult, or their pharmacologic and toxic effects reside in the same enantiomer or their high cost production 9, 14, 15, 41. These drugs will effect other drugs that lower blood pressure the metabolic rate of the drugs are effected by grapefruit juice except amlodipine patient information there is a possibility of ankle swelling or headache avoid grapefruit juice doses and specific names. Data sources include ibm watson micromedex updated 4 may 2020, cerner multum updated 4 may 2020, wolters kluwer updated. Other names for common prescription drugs foundations. Apr 28, 2014 since some people abuse prescription drugs recreationally, these drugs often have nicknames, just like illegal recreational drugs do. As the name implies, hallucinogens produce hallucinations of all sorts, from visual to auditory to tactile imaginings that can be exhilarating or horrifying. Like recently i have found a pdf for pharma mnemonics that is great. The first type of interaction involves the enzymes responsible for the elimination of statins by the liver. There are separate mnemonics for drugs names, for their side effects etc.
Street names for drugs commonly used drug slang terms. Back to list alcohol this is the most commonly used substance by adults. Drugs of abuseuses and effects southwestern community college. Commonly abused drugs national institute on drug abuse. Whatdrug is used whois using the drug especially their mood and personality whythey are using the. Therefore, if you want to learn pharmacology the smart waythe easy way, you should download pharmacology mnemonics pdf at the end using the download button. The effects of drugs part i a s noted in chapter 1, the use of substances for their consciousnessaltering effects is ubiquitous in human history. Every drug has side effects and risks, but some drugs have more risks than others, especially illegal drugs. Asceniv immune globulin intravenous, human slra for injection. It can alleviate teen substance abuse and drug crimes in the united states. Answers to drugs read drugs and their effects on the mind. Questions like these will help students better understand. Dec 17, 2018 antiretroviral drugs can have adverse effects. Asacol hd mesalamine delayedrelease tablets, oral fda.
Terminology and information on drugs united nations office on. Heroin is usually smoked chasing the dragon, snorted or prepared for injection. Nicotine found in cigarettes, cigars, bidis, and smokeless tobacco not scheduledsmoked, snorted, chewed stroke. List of commonly used illegal drugs center on addiction.
Commonly abused drugs june 2018 heroin an opioid drug made from morphine, a natural substance extracted from the seed pod of various opium poppy plants. Browse an az list of brand and generic drugs to learn about your prescription medication. Date rape drugs and their effects university life cafe. Hundreds of street names exist for drugs, and some names are more common than others. Anxiolytics antianxiety drugs is a drug class that is comprised of other types of drug classes, for example, benzodiazepines, antidepressants, and anticonvulsants. Category and name examples of commercial and street names dea schedule how administered acute effectshealth risks increased blood pressure and heart ratechronic lung disease. The benefits of taking hiv medications typically outweigh the side.
Knowing street names for various drugs can help people identify substance abuse. Although these drugs can be extremely harmful and even lifethreatening, many of them can also be used to treat conditions like adhd, narcolepsy, and in some cases, depression. Though this group produces similar effects of decreased perceptions of pain and a pleasurable high, the strength and specific effects may vary somewhat. Mental image pictures are threedimensional color pictures with sound and smell and all other perceptions, plus the conclusions or speculations of the individual. Four categories of drugs and their effects morningside recovery. Most are simple to manage, and newer drugs tend to cause fewer of these reactions. When the search box appears, type the name of your drug. Commonly used drugs charts national institute on drug abuse. While many people know that weed is a slang term for marijuana, they may not know that wrecking crew and devil smoke are street names of crack cocaine. But they are completely different drugs different dose, mechanisms of action, side effects. Explain how a drug produces a pharmacologic effect. These names are sometimes more wellknown than the medications actual name, so users must know the most common names of prescription medications so they can understand the side effects and risks of drug abuse.
The 3 tier drug list formulary includes a list of drugs covered by health net. There is evidence that psychoactive plants such as ephedra were used by neanderthal man as far back as 50,000 years ago merlin, 2003, and all civilizations that have had access to these. Learning the names of hiv drugs is horribly difficult here. The drugs in this group have a common mechanism of action 9. Common medication classifications and adverseside effects. List of brand name drugs and their generic equivalents sorted alphabetically by brand name and their generic substitute. Antiretrovirals arvs for hiv types, names list, side effects. Names of different drugs might sound alike, but will have nothing whatsoever to do with each other. It comes in powder form and is usually white, yellowish, grey or a pinky colour. Commonly used illegal drugs include marijuana, heroin, cocaine, amphetamines and methamphetamines and club drugs. The study of how drugs affect behavior and psychological processes is psychopharmacology. Since some people abuse prescription drugs recreationally, these drugs often have nicknames, just like illegal recreational drugs do. These drugs have become more effective with ongoing research and advancements in hiv treatment.
After children guess the name of the substance, ask them whether they think its effect is helpful or harmful. Liver enzymes specifically, the cytochrome p450 liver enzymes are responsible for eliminating all statins from the body with the exception of pravastatin and rosuvastatin. Connect to us on social media and join in the conversation. The names law enforcement may formally use for illicit substances arent likely to be the names of the drugs out on the streets. Medication classification common use common names common adverse side effects gastrointestinal 1. Statins also are prescribed for preventing and treating atherosclerosis. Types of hallucinogens and their effects hallucinogens offer the recreational drug user a different type of high than most other forms of drug use. The index at the end of the pdf lists the names of generic and brand name drugs from a to z. Recognize generic and brand names in selected cases state maximum doses identify routes of administration identify important adverse reactions seen with selected classes of drugs. Slang terms may refer to the brand or variety of alcohol or may be more general. Toxicity of chiral drugs like ketamine anesthetic, penicillamine chelating agent, ethambutol. Common medication classifications and adverseside effects this is not an all inclusive list medication classification common use common names common adverse side effects antibiotics pay close attention to any student allergies. The pill is similar in shape, size and color to aspirin.
There really is a fine line separating drugs and drugs from abuse since many drugs have active ingredients and recreational drug effects if they are taken repeatedly and abundantly. Upon completion of this course, the successful student will be. Types of drugs and their effect sackets harbor central. These drugs may be legal or illegal, helpful or harmful.
Any drug that affects feelings, perceptions, thought processes, andor behavior. Using drugs can become a problem depending on a number of factors. Many substances are discussed or sold illicitly under different drug street names. Below is a list of frequently used substances and their commonly used street names 1, 2, 3. Rohypnol colorless, tasteless, odorless, not legal in the u. Category and name examples of commercial and street names dea schedule how administered acute effectshealth risks. The mechanism of action of an anxiolytic drug depends upon the specific drug class to which it belongs. An alphabetical index of brand names of drugs is listed at the end of the booklet with their corresponding inn and the page to refer to. Every drug has sideeffects and risks, but some drugs have more risks than others, especially illegal drugs. Specific drugs and their effects heroin smack, horse, mud, brown sugar, junk, black tar, big h, dope injected, snorted, or smoked addiction slowed and slurred speech slow gait constricted pupils, droopy eyelids, impaired night vision vomiting after first use and at very high doses decreaed sexual pleasure or indiffer.
Drugs should change their names when they come out in different formulations. Heroin is a powerful pain killer and has euphoric qualities. Several new antiretroviral drugs are available now and some of the older antiretroviral drugs are less used at present due to safety concerns or inferior activity against the virus. Commonly used drugs charts national institute on drug. This lesson will teach you about some famous drugs and their more. For each class of drugs discussed the student should be able to.
Lists of common substances, illicit forms and street names are not extensive. Shatterproof 5 west 41st street, 6th floor new york, ny 10036 501c3 tax id number. Street names commercial names common forms common ways taken dea schedule brown sugar, china white, dope, h, horse, junk, skag, skunk. Some of the terms will be used interchangeably or called pain pills or painkillers in a generic sense. This segment covers a large amount of substances with tremendous variability. All psychoactive drugs exert their effects by altering the functioning of the nervous system. Statins are a class of drugs prescribed to lower blood cholesterol. By doing so, these drugs slow down the progression of the infection. Users experience nausea, stomach cramps, and vomiting after the effects wear off. Anxiety drugs anxiolytics side effects, list of names. Fatty meal can improve absorption of some protease inhibitors like nelfinavir and lopinavir. Methadone and subutex are prescribed as substitute drugs in the treatment of heroin addiction.
Anxiolytics are used to treat several types of anxiety disorders. Some drugs share nicknames, as they share a chemical similarity. The use of essential drugs world health organization. Answers to drugs read drugs and their effects on the. Commonly used illegal drugs commonly used illegal drugs include marijuana, heroin, cocaine, amphetamines and methamphetamines and club drugs. Drugs and their effects amphetamines speed or whiz amphetamine is a synthetic stimulant. Therefore, drugs that block the action of these liver enzymes. The combined effects make heroin a very effective escapist drug. It is snorted or ingested and it takes effect after about half an hour. It is commonly known as angel dust, but is also known as wet, sherm, sherman hemsley, rocket fuel, ashy larry, shermans tank, wack, halk hogan, ozone, hannah, hog, manitoba shlimbo, and embalming fluid, among other names.955 95 106 286 1571 249 539 16 90 971 871 717 1391 88 1595 1350 1279 914 1 537 1471 668 418 241 1432 249 983 30 76 660 462 1615 1220 43 601 206 92 867 1200 662 855 885 632 1218 1473